Fortress Ujarma is one of the most important monuments of medieval architecture of Georgia due to its location and historical significance. Since the III century the fortress was the residence of the kings and heirs of the throne. The main flowering of Ujarma occurred in the V-VI century ad. During the reign of Vakhtang Gorgasali and his son Dacha.
At that time, the city citadel with high walls, observation and defensive towers. As well as the residence building and the Church were erected. The fortress was one of the main outposts in the defense of the country against periodic invasions of Arab and Persian troops. And in the XII century the Royal family moved here the state Treasury. Later, under the influence of such factors as the Mongol yoke, the disintegration of Georgia into separate principalities and civil strife, Ujarma gradually fell into decay, turning from a prosperous city into a small settlement, and eventually completely emptied.
To date, in Ujarma little remains of the former majestic fortress – the small ruins of the once high walls and watchtowers, as well as the current temple of St. Razhden. However, ujarma fortress is perceived by many as an excellent observation deck with magnificent views of the Gombori mountain ranges and the Iori river flowing at the foot of the hill on which the fortress stands. Ujarma rarely impressive, like a fortress, but almost all impressive viewpoint.
What’s left of the fortress:
- Cross, which symbolizes the first cross, established here under Saint Nina. In the IV century St. Nino Christianized Iberia and one day decided to install four crosses at different heights. Crosses were placed on the mountain Thoti, in Ujarma, in Mtskheta and Bodbe.
- Shrine Of The True Cross (Carpathian), built to honor Nina’s installation of the worship cross. It seems to be in the same Church is the second Saint Razhdenes. This is the temple, which was founded by king Vakhtang in honor of the Martyr Razhden, and inside you can now see the icon of Vakhtang and Razhden. To distinguish them, the icon on the attributes: Razhdenes holding a cross, symbol of martyrdom. Now it is difficult to say what this temple has to do with what Vakhtang built.
- Turret. Not similar to the tower structure in which the monks live. On the second floor there is an observation deck with fabulous views of the Iori River. A little to the right you can see a kind of brick building – a former Marani (wine storage). In the lowest part of the fortress there were ruins suspiciously similar to the Palace. The masonry is very smooth, so it is likely that this is the XVIII century.
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