The Autonomous Republic of Adjara is an autonomous republic of Georgia, is a historical, geographic and political-administrative region. Located in the country’s southwestern corner, Adjara lies on the coast of the Black Sea near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, north of Turkey. It is an important tourism destination and includes Georgia’s second-largest city of Batumi as its capital. About 350,000 people live on its 2,880 km2.
Adjara extends into the wooded foothills and mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. It has borders with the region of Guria to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east and Turkey to the south. Most of Adjara’s territory either consists of hills or mountains. The highest mountains rise more than 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) above sea level. Around 60% of Adjara is covered by forests. Many parts of the Meskheti Range (the west-facing slopes) are covered by temperate rain forests.
Formerly it was known as Acara, Acarya, or Acaristan under the Ottoman rule and Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Adjar ASSR) under the Soviet Union.
Batumi is an administrative center of Ajara Autonomous Republic. It is situated by the Black Sea, on the lowland of Khakhaberi, 2-3 meters above the sea level and has a form of the half-moon. The city is stretched from the north-east to the south-west about 7 kilometers. The main part of the city faces the bay and is situated on the southern part of the Kakhaberi lowland, along the Bartskhana and the Qorolistsqali rivers.
Its territory is 19 sq. km. The seaside part of Adjara is mainly a plain-lowland, characterized with mild subtropical climate. The average annual temperature is +14,5° C, ranging from +25° C in summer to + 6° C in winter. The average annual precipitation is 2 200mm, air humidity- 80%.
Batumi, with the population 180 000, is the land and marine gateway to Georgia with its largest sea port, railway chain and other unique fields of the industry.